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What is protein? The important role of protein for the body

The human body is composed of about 100 trillion cells. Each cell has thousands of different proteins. Accordingly, each protein is like the tiny machines inside the cell. However, protein accounts for 50% of the crude weight of cells, is an essential structural component, forming, maintaining and regenerating the body, so the body needs to supplement protein through the daily diet. If the body lacks protein, it will lead to many serious consequences such as malnutrition, slow growth, or illness, disease due to decreased resistance. So, what is protein?

What is protein?

Proteins or proteins are biological molecules made up of different amino acid chains. This is one of the three main nutrients needed by the body. At the same time is also the most important nutrient to help maintain life ..

Protein is involved in body structures. Like structures of blood, muscle, … It is also one of the indispensable components for maintaining the life of the enzyme. Also it is considered as an energy source. Therefore, protein accounts for about one fifth of the body weight.

If your diet does not have enough protein, over time many processes slow down and ultimately affect overall health. Organs such as the heart and the liver can be reduced in size, muscle and protein levels in the blood. However, eating too much protein for a bodybuilding nutrition regimen also does not increase or increase the amount of protein in the body.

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However, each protein, after being made, lasts only a certain amount of time, some are only a few minutes, and some can last for years. The protein is then degraded and regenerated by the cell machinery through protein metabolism

Proteins or proteins are biological molecules

Proteins or proteins are biological molecules

What is the role of protein?

Protein structure, maintain and develop the body

Protein can form the protective muscles for life. Protein is essential for the growth and maintenance of your body tissues. Through digestion and absorption, the protein in the foods you eat broken down has a unique function. Muscles, hormones, enzymes and antibodies are all built by proteins. Protein helps in blood clotting, fluid balance, vision and transport of vital substances for your body. Protein can be converted into energy when carbohydrates and fats are not enough for your body

Muscle structure support

Protein is the foundation for muscles, bones, skin, tendons, and ligaments. As your body loads new protein, it constantly replaces dead, damaged cells. In order to facilitate normal growth and maintenance. For example, cells typically live for about 30 days. When the dead cells are lost, it is replaced by a growing protein that helps build muscles, hair and nails. As long as you add the required amount of protein to your diet each day it will promote its effects. Therefore, those who regularly exercise often have to supplement enough protein. In addition to supplementing through food, you can also drink whey protein powder, …

Body protection

White blood cells are mainly composed of proteins. Is responsible for fighting harmful agents to enter the body. In addition, the immune system produces proteins (interferons) that also help fight the virus. Together with antibodies that help the body fight off pathogens. Accordingly, if the body’s protein synthesis is impaired, the ability to protect the body will also be weakened.

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Protein regulates water metabolism, balance pH in the body

Protein acts as a buffer, helping to balance PH, to ensure the transport circulation ions. Because protein pulls water from cells and blood vessels, it helps to regulate water in the body. When the amount of protein in the blood is low, the osmotic pressure in the lumen is reduced, edema occurs.

In addition, Protein also provides energy for the body. It makes up 10-15% of the energy of the diet. Protein is the factor that makes up many components of the body after water. Account for 50% of the gross weight in an adult.

When exercised, protein can provide energy and build muscle

When exercised, protein can provide energy and build muscle

What are protein-rich foods?

Each adult needs at least 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight each day. In particular, in people who regularly exercise, exercise, they will need more. From 1.2 to 1.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. Too little or too much protein is unhealthy.

There are two types of proteins: complete protein and incomplete protein. Complete protein is found in foods of animal origin. And incomplete protein is present in plant foods. Should use a combination of protein sources for the body to develop a balanced, healthy. You party Protein supplements through some foods such as:

  • Meat: In addition to a lot of protein, meat also contains B vitamins, which are essential for converting food into energy. Some meats such as beef and lamb also provide trace elements such as iron and zinc.
  • seafood: Shrimp, squid, salmon, .. are good sources of protein. Seafood is also high in heart-healthy omega-3s. In addition, this is also one of these blood tonic Very good for the body.
  • Egg: an egg contains up to 6 grams of protein. Eggs also contain many micronutrients to build up cells.
  • Soy bean: is a plant protein that provides many essential amino acids. The antioxidants, fiber, vitamins and minerals in these beans help prevent cancer. And reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Cereals: 26 grams of whole grains contain up to 6 grams of protein. The proteins provided by barley germ and whole grains are rich and high quality.
Protein-rich foods that the body needs

Protein-rich foods that the body needs


In order for the body to develop healthy, it is necessary to have a balanced, reasonable and diverse food source. You should pay attention to choosing an appropriate protein source. Combine vegetable and animal protein to ensure daily protein supply. Limit high-fat protein foods. Supplement the diet with fiber such as vegetables, nuts, and fruits to enhance the digestive system. At the same time old provides vitamins, minerals.

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