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What is fossil fuel? What are the harmful effects of fossil fuels?

Fossil fuels are a form of energy that has been commonly developed and used for thousands of years. It plays a very important role in the industry as well as the entire development of society. So what is fossil fuel? How is it harmful to the social and human environment?

What is fossil fuel?

Fossil fuel are fuels containing a high amount of carbon and hydrocarbons. They are formed by anaerobic decomposition of dead organisms buried more than 300 million years ago. Specifically, phytoplankton and zooplankton are deposited on the seabed (lake) in large quantity. With lack of oxygen and undergoing geological time. These organic compounds mix with mud, and are buried under heavy sediments. In the high temperature and pressure conditions, organic matter is chemically modified. Formation of fossil fuels.

Fossil energies typically vary from volatile matter with low 1: 1 carbon and hydrogen ratios. Like methane, liquid kerosene, … to carbon-containing non-volatiles such as coal.

It took more than 300 million years for fossil fuels to form

It took more than 300 million years for fossil fuels to form

Fossil fuels are non-renewable resources

Fossil fuels are non-renewable resources. Because the earth takes millions of years to create them and the consumption is happening faster than it is being created. Making resources are gradually depleted. Fossil energy production and consumption increase environmental concerns. The world is moving towards using renewable energy sources. This is one of the ways to help solve the problem of increasing energy demand.

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The burning of fossil fuels produces about 21.3 billion tons of carbon dioxide annually. But it is estimated that natural processes can absorb half of the above emissions. So the carbon dioxide content will increase by 10.65 billion tons per year in the atmosphere.

That one ton of carbon equals 3.7 tons of carbon dioxide. In which, carbon dioxide is one greenhouse gas, increases the radioactive force. Contribute to global warming, causing the average surface temperature of the Earth to increase.

Overexploitation is draining energy resources

Overexploitation is draining energy resources

The harmful effects of fossil fuels

For oxygen source

As is well known, human and animal respiration continually consume large amounts of oxygen and release CO2 in the atmosphere. In addition, burning fossil fuels and generating energy also require oxygen to sustain the combustion. Therefore, it is no exaggeration to say that oxygen is an indispensable oxygen to sustain life on Earth.

Air pollution

Burning fossil fuels produces acids such as sulfuric, carbonic and nitric, etc. These substances are more likely to form. acid rain and affects natural areas and damages the environment. Carvings made of marble and limestone are also somewhat destroyed by the acid dissolving calcium carbonate. Fossil energy also contains radioactive substances such as uranium and thorium, … they are released into the air. In 2000, about 12,000 tons of thorium and 5,000 tons of uranium were emitted from coal burning.

Charcoal also produces large amounts of slag and fly ash. Hence, this is also one of these cause of air pollution increasingly heavy.

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Water pollution

Oil refineries also have a negative impact on the water environment. Especially the oil exploitation in the marine environment. Crude oil is transported by tankers. These activities require the burning of traditional fossil fuels. In particular, there are many cases of ship sinking causing oil spills. Seriously affects the marine environment and aquatic organisms.

In addition, the oil exploitation on land also has a significant impact on the environment. The exploitation of oil will directly affect surface water and the groundwater resource system. If the water source is contaminated with oil, it will cause harms and directly affect the health of users. Accordingly, thanks to modern technology today. There are many different types of water purifiers. In order to serve and ensure people’s health. In which, the most prominent are oils such as diesel oil, styrene, …

When exposed to oil for a short time, the human body can have noticeable reactions. Such as skin, eyes and nose irritation. These are the organs that come into direct contact when oil is in the air or water. In addition, it may adversely affect the respiratory system, digestive system. Even damage the nervous system. Therefore, researchers now have invented the Nano water filter technology. This is a water purifier with modern technologies. Helps to remove dirt, heavy metals as well as oils in the water.

SunnyEco Nano water purifier filters oil extremely effectively

Conclude

To live and survive, humans need a lot of energy. Therefore, it is required to find out and use sustainable and efficient energy sources. Traditional energy sources such as fossil fuels and hydropower are currently running out. Therefore, the state needs to have measures to convert to renewable energy. Including clean energy.

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