In recent days, the image of a mobile policeman (CSC) suffering pain with his finger in the baby’s mouth is twitching to prevent the “swallowing tongue” situation being widely spread. Everyone recognizes this as a noble and humane gesture. However, in terms of medicine when giving first aid to seizures, this practice is not correct.
A seizure can happen in both children and adults. Timely first aid for convulsions helps the patient overcome the dangerous period and complications later. However, if giving first aid to convulsions in the wrong way, it can lead to undue consequences. Everyone should equip themselves with the necessary knowledge about first aid for seizures in general, in case of unexpected.
Seizures are scientifically known as grand-mal seizures – generalized seizures / spasticity. When a seizure occurs, the patient loses consciousness, stops breathing, stiffens the limbs and convulses several times. Febrile convulsions usually occur in infants and children 3 months to 5 years of age. Seizures can be caused by seizures in adults.
Most of us still mistakenly think that biting off our tongue will die instantly. In fact, if the tongue is cut in half by accident, it will not immediately die, but only if the bleeding is not stopped in time, it can be dangerous to life. The case of a tongue-biting convulsion in children accounts for nearly 10%. The area of the tongue that is bitten is usually on either side of the edge of the tongue. The consequences are not serious, just like accidentally biting on a snack.
The seizure also doesn’t choke the tongue, so it is completely wrong to put a finger in the mouth. An injured finger also increases the risk of infection between first-aiders and seizers. Not only fingers but we should not put anything in the mouth of the twitching person. Both ineffective and at the same time risk of trauma to the oral mucosa, swallowing, obstructing the esophagus, breaking teeth, …
– Advise everyone around to stand away, leaving enough space for people to twitch. Avoid the situation where everyone gathers to watch first aid for seizures. This puts pressure on the first-aiders, not creating enough space for the first-aiders and convulsants. At the same time, people with shock are losing their sense of consciousness that can cause harm to everyone around them.
Take the convulsant person to a flat, lying position. Place a moderately soft (not too high) pillow / object under the convulsive head to avoid damage to the head and neck.
– Open collar, loosen pants, belt. Remove ties, jewelry and accessories around the neck to prevent a person from having a seizure that can cause suffocation.
– Stay away from water, electricity, sharp objects, and clean up objects that are in danger of injury.
– Do not put your hand or anything in the mouth of the twitching person.
– Do not pin or tie the patient. This action does not stop seizures, but also puts you at a high risk of injury. Slightly twisted arms, legs, severely can damage the spine and head and neck.
– Do not prick the tip of the finger and then heavy blood because it is both ineffective and at risk of infection.
– If possible, write down the time. A seizure takes more than 5 minutes to call an ambulance.
– Turn the patient on his side to allow saliva to flow out and clear the respiratory tract.
– Follow the patient until they are sure they have recovered their senses.
– Explain to the sick person what happened, where, …
– Suggest the patient move, sit up to see if there are any sequelae or not.
– After making sure that the patient has recovered, get up to move and drink water. Drinking water immediately after waking up can cause choking, choking.
After performing the first steps above first aid for seizures, you should monitor the patient and call an ambulance in the following cases:
A seizure for more than 5 minutes with no sign of stopping.
– Convulsive convulsions continuously, patients foam in the mouth, rolling eyes, white face, purple lips.
– The patient bites his tongue, blood is flowing out of his mouth.
– After the convulsions have ceased, the patient has no signs of knowledge recovery.
– The patient is traumatized while convulsing (falling sharply, hitting the head on a hard ground, injured bleeding that does not stop, …)
Providing first aid for seizures is not difficult, but in direct situations people often panic and do not know what to do. The first thing you need to do is to be calm and reassure yourself and your family and people around you. Then go through the steps above. Seizures can happen to everyone under any circumstances. Equip yourself with the necessary knowledge and share it so that your friends and relatives understand correctly about first aid for seizures!
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