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How to classify and treat organic waste

Waste is currently a difficult problem of society and the environment. If it is possible to classify waste at the source, it will reduce costs and facilitate the process of handling and recycling. Accordingly, the environment is also much improved. Especially organic waste.

Waste classification

Waste is generally classified into three main categories. These are recyclable, inorganic and organic waste. More detail:

Recyclables

Recyclables are usually waste that can be recycled and reused. For example paper, metal, box, … After being collected, this waste will be transported to the craft villages for recycling into new products.

Inorganic rubbish

Inorganic waste is all kinds of trash such as porcelain, brick, coal slag, plastic, wood, … These are types of trash that cannot be used anymore and cannot be recycled, but can only be taken to the landfill. In particular, it existed for a long time before it was decomposed. You may be startled to learn that these convenient plastic bags decompose only when buried underground for 400-600 years. Therefore, to protect the environment, it is advisable to limit the use of these types of waste.

What is organic waste?

Finally, organic waste. Organic waste is a product created by many human activities. Such as industrial production, agricultural production, construction, daily life, … Organic waste sources include organic components, disposal. There are many types of organic waste such as:

  • Agricultural waste: Such as straw, straw, …
  • Stems, branches or leaves: Ingredients have no use or have little value. For example, stems of fruit trees, tubers, …
  • Types of waste of industrial raw materials: Coffee pods, bagasse, peanut shells, …
  • Scrap from paper mills, fiber mills, …
  • Waste from starch processing villages.
  • Food that has been spoiled or leftover: Such as vegetables of fruits, fruits, meat, fish, eggs, …
  • Domestic waste: Fabric, cotton, …
Organic waste sources include organic ingredients

Organic waste sources include organic ingredients

Measures to treat organic waste

Composting for fertilizer production

Composting for fertilizer production: This is the simplest and most common form of organic waste treatment. In particular, this approach is very suitable for households because of its small scale.

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With the following. Garbage is composted in piles or beds. Can emerge or sink in the pit (can be semi-submersible). Then the compost pile should be left sealed with mud.

The resulting product is often called compost or microbiological organic fertilizer. Because this is like decomposition of organic matter in nature. Forms mixtures of simple organic substances and inorganic substances. This mixture is equivalent to humus in nature. So it can be used for agricultural production. Very safe and good for the environment.

The collection and recycling of organic waste into microbiological organic fertilizer is the right direction. To create organic microbiological fertilizer for clean agriculture. At the same time helping to solve problems related to environmental pollution. As water pollution, soil pollution, air pollution, …

Bury

Burying organic waste is a method of storing round waste in the same yard. Then cover with soil. Waste in landfills will be biodegraded. Forming products such as organic acids, nitrogen compounds and some gases such as CO2, CH4, … It should be noted that buried solid waste must be non-hazardous waste to the environment, with decomposition time. fast.

Propaganda

In addition the most important job is to raise awareness and awareness for all people. Especially the young generation, which must be carried out comprehensively, in a long time. From there, maximize the accessibility of the media, the press, the radio and the radio.

At the same time, along with awareness raising is to provide people with the easiest way and means to sort trash (trash can, garbage dump …).

Organic fertilizers are safe and good for the environment

Organic fertilizers are safe and good for the environment

Current domestic waste situation in residential areas is still very complicated. Waste treatment is still manual and unprofessional. Especially, in some places, there is no waste treatment company, leading to serious environmental pollution, affecting human health.

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