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How dangerous is Alzheimer’s disease? Treatment and care

Currently, Alzheimer’s is a common disease. In a nutshell this is elderly dementia. There are many causes of this dangerous disease. Regardless of the cause, the patient also has impaired function and intelligence. If not improving, the patient is completely dependent and often dies from exhaustion and infection.

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

According to Wikipedia, Alzheimer’s or Alzhaimer Disease is the most common dementia. This is an incurable, degenerative and fatal disease. Specifically, Alzheimer’s is characterized by a gradual loss of neurons and neurons in the cerebral cortex and parts of the cerebral cortex. This loss leads to atrophy of the affected area, which includes temporal and parietal lobe degeneration, and a portion of the frontal and lateral lobes.

Accordingly, Alzheimer’s disease often presents symptoms such as confusion, irritability, mood swings, and inability to analyze language. Formation of long-term memory loss, impaired senses. Gradually, the body loses some functions. And eventually lead to death.

Alzheimer’s is often used to refer to people with dementia between the ages of 45 and 65. Because if the age is over 65, dementia is considered, but is common, because when older the brain will be numb, causing memory loss. Although Alzheimer’s cases have unique characteristics for each individual, there are many similar early symptoms, but when observed, often confused with “age related” diseases, or manifestations of stress. In the early stages, the most common symptom recognized is the inability to remember what just happened. When Alzheimer’s disease is suspected, diagnosis is usually made with behavioral assessment and cognitive testing, possibly accompanied by brain scans.

Alzheimer's disease is an elderly person's dementia

Alzheimer’s disease is an elderly person’s dementia

What is the cause of Alzheimer’s?

Currently, science does not fully understand the cause and progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Research shows that the disease is related to plaques and tangles in the brain. Accordingly, scientists have given a number of theories about the cause of Alzheimer’s disease:

  • Due to the accumulation of a protein in the brain, brain cells die.
  • The aging process causes the destruction of myelin, which reduces nerve conduction, resulting in the death of nerve cells.
  • Due to disorders of production and activity of oxidants in the body.
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In particular, scientists have also found a number of factors that directly cause Alzheimer’s, including:

  • Old people, old age
  • Genetics: a family history of the disease
  • Have Down syndrome
  • Gender: Women are more expensive than men
  • Traumatic brain injury: Especially in the late stages of life.
  • Having late depression after 65 years old.
  • Sedentary and diet low in green vegetables and fruits.
  • Less practice of intellectual activities such as reading books, playing intellectual games
  • Suffer from cardiovascular disease, increased cholesterol, diabetes and smoking.
There are many causes of the disease

There are many causes of the disease

Stages of the disease

1. The period before memory loss

At this stage, the sufferer often finds it difficult to remember recent events and is nearly unable to absorb new information. Reduce concentration, attention, indifference to everything. It also reduces your ability to plan and abstract thinking. And mild cognitive impairment.

2. Light stage

After that, memory and ability to learn less and less. In some people, symptoms of impaired language function also develop, including symptoms such as decreased vocabulary, decreased fluency, resulting in decreased speaking and writing ability. Forget about some things that happened in the past, forget how to use an object. Symptoms difficult to coordinate movements begin to develop but are usually mild and easily ignored.

3. Stage is quite heavy

At this stage, the patient has difficulty with better language. Some manifestations include that the patient cannot remember words, uses the wrong words to describe, always tries to find words to express what he wants to say, and the ability to read and write gradually disappears. Reducing the ability to coordinate movement can be clearly seen, especially the complicated movements, so the patient is more likely to fall. Memory loss becomes especially severe, at which point the person may not be able to recognize a loved one. The behavior can then be changed. Examples include frequent wandering, irritable, aggressive temperament, resisting the care of a loved one. In some people there are hallucinations.

4. Heavy stage

This is the most dangerous period. When Alzheimer’s is severe, the patient will lose the ability to live every day. So you have to depend entirely on your caregivers. A decrease in language ability to only speak simple phrases, even simple words, ultimately leads to complete loss of language. The mood is lethargic and exhausted.

The patient also has degenerative muscle mass, which causes bedridden and inability to eat and drink. In the end, Alzheimer’s patient often dies from causes such as pressure ulcer infection, pneumonia, …

Alzheimer’s can completely erase a person’s memory

Methods of treatment and care

The treatment methods

Current treatments provide only a small reduction in the symptoms of the disease, and there is no cure that can completely prevent or eliminate this evil disease.

However, some drugs can slow progression, such as the systemic protective drug Cholinergic. Includes Donepezil, Rivastigmine, Tacrine, and Galantamine. In addition, there are also anti-inflammatory drugs Steroid, Nicotine, Ginkgo Biloba, antioxidant drugs, … Treatment of symptoms and comorbidities such as depression, sleep disturbances and psychotherapy.

How to take care of people with Alzheimer’s?

In addition, those around you need to always pay attention and take care of the sick. Always observe and create a safe living environment away from objects that could endanger the sick. Talk with the sick person regularly to create a sense of happiness and safety, and support the patient’s memory of things to do during the day such as brushing teeth, washing face, changing clothes …

In particular, the patient may lose motor coordination, so it is easy to fall. Therefore, should support advocacy for the patient. For the patient who cannot move, it is necessary to help the patient change position frequently, to avoid diseases caused by long lying down.

Relatives need to always pay attention and take care of the sick

Relatives need to always pay attention and take care of the sick

Alzheimer’s disease is a highly advanced disease with a high risk of death shortly after the disease is discovered. However, if detected early and treated properly. Combined with diet, activity can reduce disease progression, increase life expectancy. And improve the quality of life for the sick.

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