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Harms of alcohol to human health and social life

Harms of alcohol to human health and social life

According to the World Health Organization WHO, alcohol and beer are the cause of death for 3.3 million people worldwide each year. Accounting for 5.9% of total deaths, 5.1% of healthy years of human life are lost. The harmful effects of alcohol are equivalent to the health burden caused by smoking.

Many people mistakenly think that drinking beer is less harmful to health than drinking alcohol. This is not a misconception because harm is mainly caused by alcohol (ethanol) in the drink. Therefore, the harm caused by alcohol and beer does not depend on the type of beverage (whether it is beer or alcohol) but depends on the amount of drinking (how many grams of alcohol consumed) and the frequency of drinking.



Alcohol contains alcohol. The higher the alcohol, the more dangerous. Some poor quality wines only mix water and alcohol. Cancer in alcohol users usually involves the mouth, throat, larynx, esophagus, liver, breast, and rectal area. The risk of cancer is increased in people who drink alcohol with smokers.

Heart-related diseaes

Those who regularly drink alcohol should be aware, alcohol can make platelets in the blood. When the platelets in the blood decrease, the risk of blood clots forming. Easily lead to heart attacks and strokes. It can also weaken the heart muscle and cause arrhythmia


For liver cells, alcohol is considered extremely toxic. That is why alcoholics often suffer from cirrhosis of the liver. Cirrhosis is caused by the destruction of liver tissue, turning into scarring and loss of function. It cannot be confirmed that 100% of alcohol drinkers will develop cirrhosis. But clearly drinking alcohol increases the risk of cirrhosis greatly. Especially for women.


Drinking a lot of alcohol has the ability to reduce the number of red blood cells in the blood suddenly. Reduces the ability of the blood to carry oxygen to feed the body, causing anemia. People with anemia often experience symptoms: fatigue, dizziness, difficulty breathing, blue skin, lightheadedness, ..

Lost memory

Drinking alcohol can speed up brain atrophy (some key areas). In the elderly, the brain shrinks on average about 1.9% within 10 years. When using alcohol regularly the brain atrophy faster. Increased likelihood of dementia and neurological disorders and impairment.

Shivering illness

In people with nervous system poisoning and alcohol-induced metabolic disorders cause Shivering. The disease appears after stopping drinking for about 12 – 48 hours with 2 prominent symptom groups:

Delirium-type consciousness disorder: Causes the patient to lose the ability to navigate space and time. Poor family identification, complete insomnia, or struggling with many nightmares. Always in a state of anxiety, fear, stress. Looking but not seeing; hallucinations, hallucinations … should have dangerous self-defense reactions for people around.

Neurological disorders: Body is shaky, and his talking stammer is not clear. Staggering so it is easy to stumble, causing fractures, rupture of organs … In severe cases, there may also be seizures like epilepsy.

People with tremors also have serious neurological disorders. Sweating profusely like a shower, even when resting, thirsty, pale skin, inelasticity, low urination, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, loose bowel movements, fever, heart palpitations, unstable blood pressure … The tremors may go away on their own after a few days. However, these are just a few. Most of the time, if left untreated, it will get worse. The disorders are getting worse and worse, putting the patient at risk of death.


Drinking alcohol by people with Gout will make the illness worse. Gout is an inflammatory condition caused by a buildup of uric acid in the joints that causes pain. In addition to genetic factors, alcohol and a high protein diet are among the main causes of gout.

High Blood Pressure

Heavy alcohol use can raise blood pressure. If this condition is prolonged, the above effects will become chronic. High blood pressure also leads to many other health problems including kidney disease, heart disease and stroke.

Lung disease

About 5% of the alcohol in the blood diffuses into the alveoli quickly. Here the alcohol solution will be warmed and converted to a vapor that when we exhale, these vapor molecules will be the criterion for measuring the amount of alcohol in the breath.

Drinking alcohol for a long time, alcohol depletes important antioxidants in the lungs. Since then, the lungs are permanently damaged. Therefore, alcoholics are very susceptible to lung diseases such as: pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, other respiratory infections … These diseases in alcoholics are often worse, fast-evolving, the rate of entry. hospital, long treatment time. The death rate is higher than 20% in non-alcoholic people.

Disease peptic ulcer

Once introduced into the body, the stomach is the alcohol’s first stop. Within 5 minutes, 20% of the beer and alcohol consumed will immediately diffuse into the bloodstream. The beer and alcohol remaining in the stomach will weaken the gastric protective epithelium. Thus increases the risk of stomach problems with symptoms such as heartburn, ulcers and bleeding.


Not only gastritis, too much alcohol also causes pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis affects digestion. Alcohol is often the cause of abdominal pain, diarrhea that is difficult to treat long term to cure. Other cases of chronic pancreatitis can be caused by stones, but up to 60% of these stones are caused by alcohol.

Alcohol also affects sexual ability and reproduction

Alcohol is a substance that has a toxic effect on the testicles and sperm. If a man drinks alcohol before having sex, it not only increases the chance of a wife miscarriage, but it can also affect the development of the born child. If the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy, it is easy to give birth to children with intellectual disabilities.


In 2017, people consumed about 305 million liters of alcohol, equivalent to 72 million liters of alcohol, but consumed nearly 4.1 billion liters of beer, equivalent to 161 million liters of alcohol, on average, each person consumed about 42 liters of beer. .

In Vietnam, alcohol and beer ranked 5th in the top 15 health risk factors. Incomplete statistics show that in 2012, 8.3% of the deaths were related to alcohol and beer use; 71.7% of deaths due to cirrhosis in men and 36.2% of deaths from traffic accidents in men are due to alcohol use.

In addition, alcoholism also has a great impact on life and social security and order. The evils such as domestic violence, disrupting social order. Alcohol addicts often become dependent, unable to control their own behaviors. Alcohol is an addictive psychotropic substance, if taken regularly, it will cause the drinker to increase the dose and reuse. Why do not we quit drinking, or at least drinking more civilized?

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