Many people often think that you should drink 2 liters of water a day to provide enough healthy water. However, not everyone is like that the amount of water needed for each person’s body is different. Depending on age, sex, weight and also on external influences. Therefore, drinking too much water is not only bad but also brings many potential risks to you. Let’s find out now.
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Is it good to drink lots of water? What is water poisoning?
Drink too little country Absolutely not good for health, but excess water is equally harmful. In fact, drinking so much water that it exceeds the kidneys’ ability to process it leads to a sodium imbalance in the blood. It can also damage the brain and body. This condition is also known as “water poisoning”. This is a very dangerous situation. It can be harmful to health, even in extreme cases, brain damage, coma, even death.
The kidneys are capable of filtering up to 800 – 1000 ml of water / hour. But if you take in water that exceeds the capacity of the kidneys to process it. Will cause health problems. More specifically, drinking too much water will cause an imbalance of sodium and water in the cells, causing the cells to swell. Then, the brain will increase in size. But the skull has not changed. This leads to increased pressure on the brain. Then, symptoms such as headache, dizziness and drowsiness began to appear.
More dangerously, if brain cells continue to swell and pressure in the brain continues to increase. It can cause brain damage, coma, even death. People with severe water intoxication can die in as little as 10 hours.
Drinking plenty of water can damage the brain
Harmful when drinking too much water
Hypokalemia: When excess water is present, the body has to release water through sweat and urine, which in turn reduces the level of potassium in the body. If this condition persists, it can cause symptoms like vomiting, low blood pressure, paralysis, nausea and diarrhea.
Cramp: Consuming too much water reduces the amount of electrolytes your body has. Fluid imbalance also affects muscle function leading to muscle spasm and cramps.
For the heart: Drinking too much water can put undue stress on the heart. Due to increased blood flow to the heart, it is very harmful to the heart. It can even lead to epilepsy.
Impaired renal function: The kidneys are the organs that filter water. Therefore, if you drink too much water will cause the kidneys to work up hours. Kidney function can be impaired, causing kidney diseases such as kidney failure, kidney failure, …
Swollen cells: Your body has free sodium and potassium ions that act as electrolytes to help balance fluid between cells and blood. When the amount of water increases excessively, the concentration of electrolytes decreases. Water moves from the blood into the cells. This causes cells to swell, which can even lead to brain swelling, which is dangerous for your health.
Drinking too much water will cause muscle spasm, cramps
Signs that the body is over-hydrated
Always feel tired, headache: Drinking excess water will make the kidneys overload, thereby causing hormone disturbances, making the body easily stressed and tired. Also, when you drink too much water, the cells can swell. Including brain cells. As brain cells increase in size, they are squeezed into the skull. It is this pressure that causes frequent headaches.
Excessive urination: When the body is excess water, the body needs to release water so the number of urination will increase a lot. If you urinate more than 10 times a day, you may be drinking more water than needed.
The urine is too clear: Clear urine like filtered water is a sign that you are consuming excess water. Only when the urine is light yellow, the amount of water you drink is just enough for your body.
Urinating too much is a sign of excess water
Through analysis of the benefits and harms of drinking plenty of water is good for your health? You can clearly see that everything has to be sufficient. Should not drink excess water, nor should lack of water. Therefore, it’s best to listen to your body. Because all symptoms of lack or excess water are reflected by the body very clearly. Let’s Drinking water properly and enough amount of water for it to promote its best use.